When you cite someone else's work in your research, you
need to give credit in two ways: within your paper and at
the end of your paper.
1. Within your paper:
- A short citation or a footnote number immediately following
the section where you discuss the idea.
- Short citation example:
Armstrong says that "Antebellum
nonChristian songs became the postemancipation
blues" (2002, p.185).
- Footnote number example:
Armstrong suggests that the African-American
secular music of the pre-Civil War era developed
into the musical form known as the blues.1
2. At the end of your paper:
- A complete citation in a footnote or in a list of
references at the end of your paper or presentation.
Edward G. (2002). Devil music and gangsta rap:
A comparison of sexual violence in blues and
rap lyrics. Arkansas Review: A Journal
of Delta Studies, 33 (3), 182-193. Retrieved
February 18, 2004 from the Academic Search